England Coast Path in the north west of England

Rural payments: land use codes 2020

When farmers apply for a rural payment scheme, they must use the codes on this page to declare what they use their land for.

To search the lists on this page, click ‘CTRL’ and ‘F’ and type in the term or code you’re looking for.

To print the codes, click ‘CTRL’ and ‘P’.

There are codes for:

  • agricultural land
  • non-agricultural land
  • Countryside Stewardship options with multiple crops

There are also some codes you must not use for BPS.

Read more about BPS 2020.

Agricultural land

Land use codes for agricultural land are given below for:

Permanent grassland and permanent grassland buffer strips

Land useCodeDescription
Permanent grasslandPG01All land you are planning to count as permanent grassland for BPS. Also use this code for strips and margins of permanent grassland if you want these to count towards your total area of grassland to meet a greening exemption or to limit your area of arable land subject to crop diversification.

Otherwise you can include strips and margins of permanent grassland under the main land use of the parcel and they don’t need to be separately identified.

Permanent crops

Land useCodeDescription
Permanent crops other than nursery crops and short rotation coppiceTC01Permanent crops are crops that occupy the land for 5 years or more (other than permanent grassland) and nursery crops and provide repeated harvests. They include nursery crops short rotation (code NU01) and short rotation coppice (code SR01).

Multi-annual/perennial crops include:

Almonds
Apples
Apricots
Artichoke
Asparagus
Avocados
Bilberries
Blackberries
Blueberries
Cherries
Chestnuts
Citrus fruit
Cranberries
Currants
EnglishChamomile
Figs
Gooseberries
Grapes
Guavas
Hazelnuts
Hops
Hyssop
Lavender
Loganberries
Macadamia nuts
Mangos
Mangosteens
Melissa
Mint
Miscanthus
Mulberries
Papayas and Locust beans
Peaches
Pears
Pecans
Pineapples
Pine nuts
Pistachios
Plantains
Plums
Raspberries
Reed canary grass
Rhubarb
Rosemary
Sloes and Quinces
Walnuts
Yarrow

Other fruits under the genus ‘Vaccinium’ are also permanent crops

Includes flower crops such as:

Agrinomy
Autumn Hawk-bit
Betony
Bladder Campion
Bluebell
Bulbous Buttercup
Cats Ear
Clustered Bellflower
Coltsfoot
Common Daisy
Common Mallow
Common Sorrel
Cowslip
Creeping Buttercup
Dandelion
Devils-bit Scabious
Drop wort
Field Scabious
Garlic Mustard
Great Burnet
Greater Hawk-bit
Greater Knapweed
Greater Mullein
Heartsease
Hedge woundwort
Hoary Plantain
Kidney Vetch
Lady’s Bed Straw
Lawn Chamomile
Lesser Knapweed
Meadow Buttercup
Meadow Cranesbill
Meadow Vetchling
Meadowsweet
Musk Mallow
Nettle leaved bellflower
Ox-Eye Daisy
Purple Loosestrife
Purple Toadflax
Ragged Robin
Red Campion
Ribwort Plantain
Salad Burnet
Self Heal
Small Scabious
St. John’s Wort
Vipers Bugloss
Water Avens
White Campion
Wild Angelica
Wild Garlic
Wild Primrose
Wood Avens
Yellow flag Iris
Yellow Toad Flax

Nursery cropsNU01Nursery crops are areas of young woody plants grown in the open air, on soil in greenhouses, or under polytunnels for later transplantation.

They include:

Vine and root stock nurseries
Fruit tree and berry nurseries
Ornamental nurseries
Mixed nurseries of forest trees (except those for the holding’s own requirements grown in woodland)
Nurseries of trees and bushes for planting in gardens, parks, at the road side and on embankments

Nursery crops do not include Christmas trees unless they are grown in nurseries for later transplantation.

Short rotation coppiceSR01Short rotation coppice includes areas planted with tree species that consist of woody, perennial crops, the rootstock or stools remaining in the ground after harvesting, with new shoots emerging in the following season. The initial tree planting must have been planted after the year 2000 .

The eligible species for short rotation coppice are:

Alder (Alnus)
Ash (Fraxinus excelsior)
Birch (Betula)
Hazel (Corylus avellana)
Hornbeam (Carpinus spp)
Lime (Tilia cordata)
Poplar (Populus spp)
Sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa)
Sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus)
Willow (Salix spp)

Arable land: temporary grassland, fallow land, arable buffer strips, hedges and arable land exempt from greening

Land useCodeDescription
Temporary grasslandTG01All land you are planning to count as temporary grassland for BPS.

Also use this code for strips and margins of temporary grassland if you want these to count towards your total area of grassland to meet a greening exemption or as a single ‘crop’ for crop diversification. If the grassland meets the fallow rules for greening and you want it to count as fallow land for crop diversification or EFA, use the land use code for ‘Land lying fallow’ (FA01). Otherwise you can include the areas of strips and margins of temporary grassland under the land use code you are using for the main land use of the parcel and they don’t need to be separately identified.

Land lying fallowFA01All land you are planning to count as fallow land for BPS or as part of your ecological focus area.

Use this code for strips and margins of fallow land if you want these to count towards your total area of fallow land to meet a greening exemption or as a single ‘crop’ for crop diversification. Otherwise you can include the areas of strips and margins of fallow land under the land use code you are using for the main land use of the parcel and they don’t need to be separately identified.

Wild bird mixes can be coded under a number of different land use codes, as long as in your individual example matches the criteria, for example:

a) as a mixed crop if there is an area where a seed mixture is sown, this area must be counted as a single crop for crop diversification, it doesn’t matter what crops are included in the mix.

b) as fallow land (crop diversification) when it is land which has no crop production or grazing on it, but is maintained in a state suitable for grazing or cultivation.

c) as fallow land (EFA) when it is land which has no crop production or grazing on it, but is maintained in a state suitable for grazing or cultivation. Wild-bird seed mixes, pollen sources and nectar sources can be grown or planted on their EFA fallow land during the fallow period.

These must be an un-harvestable mix of at least 2 crops that support wildlife and pollinators (advisers from the ‘Championing the Farmed Environment’ can help farmers choose). Wild-bird seed mixes should be an area with a balanced combination of small-seed bearing crops, for example Barley, Triticale, Kale, Quinoa, Linseed, Millet, Mustard, Fodder radish, Sunflower. This will benefit over-wintering birds.

Pollen sources and nectar sources should be in an area with a mixture of nectar-rich plants, for example Red clover, Alsike clover, Bird’s foot trefoil, Sainfoin, Musk mallow or Common knapweed. This will benefit nectar feeding insects like butterflies and bumble bees.

Crops under water and leguminous cropsUse the appropriate code(s) listed in the arable land tablesAll land you are planning to count as crops under water or leguminous crops to meet a greening exemption or for crop diversification purposes.
HedgeBF11 – Half Hedge, BF12 – adjacent hedgeA hedge that you want to use as part of your ecological focus area. This includes trees in a line.

Use ‘BF11 – Half Hedge’ for the inside half of a hedge in land parcel.

Use ‘BF12 – Adjacent Hedge’ as well as BF11 if you to want to add the other ‘outside’ half of the hedge but it can’t be claimed in another arable land parcel. For example, where you have management control of both sides of the hedge, enter the length/s of the hedges using both codes (so that they are entered twice, once as BF11 and once as BF12). This means that both sides of the hedge will be counted when we work out what your hedges are worth for EFA.

Buffer stripBF15A buffer strip of permanent grassland and field margin of temporary grassland or fallow land that you want to use as part of your ecological focus area.

Arable land: arable crops for crop diversification

Land useGenusSpeciesCodeDescription
Aster (Chinese)CallistephusAC97
Aubergine-type arable cropSolanaceaeSolanum melongenaAC46Includes Aubergine and Eggplant
Banana squash- type arable cropCucurbitacaeCucurbita maximAC53Includes Banana squash and Buttercup squash
Barley (spring)- type arable cropHordeumSpring varietyAC01Includes
Feed barley,
Malting barley,
Two row barley,
Six row barley
Barley (winter)- type arable cropHordeumWinter varietyAC63Includes
Feed barley, Malting barley, Two row barley, Six row barley
Basil-type arable cropOcimumAC02Includes all Basils
Beet-type arable cropBetaAC03Includes
Beetroot,
Chard,
Field beet,
Fodder beet,
Mangolds,
Redbeet,
Sugar beet
Borage-type arable cropBoragoAC04Includes Borage
Brown mustard- type arable cropBrassicaceaeSinapsis albaAC37Includes Brown mustard; Use AC38 for White or Yellow mustard
Buckwheat-type arable cropFagopyrumAC05Includes Buckwheat
Butternut squash-type arable cropCucurbitacaeCucurbita moschataAC54Includes Butternut squash, Cheese pumpkin
Cabbage (spring)-type arable cropBrassicaceaeBrassica oleracea – spring varietyAC34Includes Broccoli,
Brussels sprouts,
Cabbages,
Calabrese,
Cauliflower,
Chinese kale,
Kale,
Kohlrabi,
Red cabbage,
Savoy cabbage,
White cabbage
Cabbage (winter)-type arable cropBrassicaceaeBrassica oleracea – winter varietyAC70Includes Broccoli,
Brussels sprouts,
Cabbages,
Calabrese,
Cauliflower,
Chinese kale,
Kale,
Kohlrabi,
Red cabbage,
Savoy cabbage,
White cabbage
Camelina-type arable cropCamelinaAC73Includes Camelina,
gold-of-pleasure,
false flax
Canary seed-type arable cropPhalarisAC06Includes Canary seed
Carrot-type arable cropDaucusAC07Includes Carrot
Celery-type arable cropApiumAC08Includes Celeriac,
Celery
Chicory-type arable cropChichoriumAC09Includes Chicory,
Endive,
Italian chicory,
Radiccio
Chilli-type arable cropSolanaceaeCapsicum baccatumAC48Includes chilli peppers
Coriander-type arable cropCoriandrumAC71Includes Coriander
Corn chamomile- type arable cropAnthemis arvensisAC77Includes Corn chamomile
Corn cockle-type arable cropAgrostemmaAC78Includes Corn cockle
Corn flower-type arable cropCentaureaAC79Includes Corn flower
Corn gromwell- type arable cropBuglossoides (also known as Lithospermum)AC72Includes Corn gromwell
Corn marigold- type arable cropAC80Includes Corn marigold
Crambe-type arable cropBrassicaceaeCrambe maritimaAC39Includes Crambe,
Seakale
Cress-type arable crop (excluding Watercress)BrassicaceaeLepidium sativuAC89Includes Garden Cress. Use CW01 for Watercress
Cucumber-type arable cropCucurbitacaeCucumis sativusAC56Includes Cucumber
Daffodil-type arable cropNarcissusAC10Includes all daffodils
Dill-type arable cropAnethumAC11Includes Dill
EchiumBoraginacaeAC91
Evening primrose-type arable cropOenotheraAC12Includes Evening primrose
Fennel-type arable cropFoeniculumAC13Includes Fennel
Field forget-me- not-type arable cropMyosotisAC82Includes Forget-me-not
Fox-glove-type arable cropDigitalisAC83Includes Fox-glove
German chamomile-type arable cropMatricariaAC76Includes Chamomile,
German Chamomile,
Hungarian Chamomile,
Kamilla,
Wild Chamomile,
Scentless Mayweed
GladioliGlasiolusAC90
Hay rattle-type arable cropRhinanthusAC84Includes Hay-rattle
Hedge bedstraw- type arable cropGaliumAC85Includes Hedge bedstraw
Hemp-type arable cropCannabisAC14Includes Hemp
Horseradish-type arable cropBrassicaceaeArmoracia rusticanaAC42Includes Horseradish (Cochlearia armoracia)
Japanese pie squash-type arable cropCucurbitaceaeCucurbita argyrospermaAC51Includes Japanese pie squash
LarkspurConsolidaAC98
Lettuce-type arable cropLactucaAC15Includes Butterhead lettuce,
Cos lettuce,
Iceberg lettuce,
Lettuce,
Romaine lettuce
Linseed (spring)- type arable cropLinumSpring varietyAC16Includes Flax,
Linseed
Linseed (winter)- type arable cropLinumWinter varietyAC64Includes Flax,
Linseed
Maize-type arable cropZeaAC17Includes Corn, Maize, Sweetcorn
Melon-type arable cropCucurbitacaeCucumis meloAC57Includes Melons other than Water melon
Millet-type arable cropEchinochloaAC18Includes Millet
Mixed arable crop – group 1VariableVariableAC58Mixed arable crop – you can mark up to 5 different mixed crops on your land as different crops. Each mixed crop will be considered as a separate crop for crop diversification.
Mixed crop – group 2VariableVariableAC59description as crop group 1
Mixed crop – group 3VariableVariableAC60description as crop group 1
Mixed crop – group 4VariableVariableAC61description as crop group 1
Mixed crop – group 5VariableVariableAC62description as crop group 1
Mustard-type arable cropBrassicaceaeSinapsis albaAC38Includes White or Yellow mustard; use AC37 for Brown mustard
NigellaNigellaAC99
Oats (spring)- type arable cropAvenaSpring varietyAC19Includes
Feed oats,
Naked oats,
Porridge oats,
Quaking oats
Oats (winter)- type arable cropAvenaWinter varietyAC65Includes
Feed oats,
Naked oats,
Porridge oats,
Quaking oats
Oca-type arable cropOxalisAC75Includes Oca,
New Zealand Yam
Oilseed (spring)- type arable cropBrassicaceaeBrassica napus (spring variety)AC36Includes
Industrial rape,
Oilseed rape,
Swede
Oilseed (winter)- type arable cropBrassicaceaeBrassica napus (winter variety)AC67Includes
Industrial rape,
Oilseed rape,
Swede
Onion-type arable cropIliumAC20Includes
Chives,
Garlic,
Onions,
Leeks,
Scallions,
Shallot,
Spring Onions
Oregano-type arable cropOriganumAC21Includes
Oregano,
Marjoram
Parsley-type arable cropPetroselinumAC22Includes All Parsleys
Parsnip-type arable cropPastinacaAC23Includes Parsnips
Pepper-type arable cropSolanaceaeCapsicum annuumAC47Includes
Bell pepper,
Chilli pepper
Phacelia-type arable cropPhaceliaAC74Includes Phacelia
Poppy-type arable cropPapaverAC81Includes Poppy and Corn poppy
Potato-type arable cropSolanaceaeSolanum tuberosumAC44Includes
Early potato,
Maincrop potato,
Seed potato; use AC28 for Sweet potato
Quinoa-type arable cropChenopodium quinoaAC87Includes Quinoa
Radish-type arable cropBrassicaceaeRaphanus sativusAC41Includes Radish
Rocket-type arable cropBrassicaceaeEruca sativaAC40Includes Rocket
Rye (spring)-type arable cropSecaleSpring varietyAC24Includes Rye (spring)
Rye (winter)-type arable cropSecaleWinter varietyAC68Includes Rye (winter)
Rygrass (Italian)
(Solanum sisymbriifolium)
LoliumAC100
Sage-type arable cropSalviaAC25Includes
Clary sage,
Sages
Siam pumpkin- type arable cropCucurbitacaeCucurbita ficifoliaAC52Includes
Siam pumpkin,
Seven year melon
SorghumSorghumAC92
Spelt WheatTriticum SpeltaAC96If you are applying online use Samphire AC96.
Spinach-type arable cropSpinaciaAC26Includes Spinach
Squash-type arable cropCucurbitacaeCucurbita pepoAC50Includes
Pumpkins,
Squashes,
Marrows,
Zucchini,
Courgettes
Strawberry-type arable cropFragariaAC27Includes Strawberry
Sticky Nightshade (Solanum sisymbriifolium)SolanumAC93
Sunflower-type arable cropHalianthusAC88Includes Sunflower
Sweet potato- type arable cropIpomoeaAC28Includes Sweet potato; use AC44 for Potato
Sweet WilliamDianthusAC94
Teasel-type arable cropDipsacusAC86Includes Teasel
Thyme-type arable cropThymusAC29Includes all thymes
Tobacco-type arable cropSolanaceaeNicotiana tabacumAC43Includes Tobacco
Tomato-type arable cropSolanaceaeSolanum lycopersicumAC45Includes Tomato
Tree chilli-type arable cropSolanaceaeCapsicum pubescensAC49Includes Tree chilli
Triticale (spring)- type arable cropSpring varietyAC30Includes Triticale (spring)
Triticale (winter)- type arable cropWinter varietyAC69Includes Triticale (winter)
Tulip-type arable cropTulipaAC31Includes all tulips
Turnip-type arable cropBrassicaceaeBrassica rapaAC35Includes
Bok choi,
Chinese cabbage (Pak choi),
Turnip,
Turnip rape
WallflowerErysimumAC95
Water melon- type arable cropCucurbitacaeCitrullus lanatusAC55Includes Water melon
Watercress – arable crop under waterBrassicaceaeNasturtium officinaleCW01Includes Watercress
Wheat (spring)- type arable cropTriticumSpring varietyAC32Includes
Biscuit wheat,
Common or Bread wheat,
Durum wheat,
Einkorn,
Feed wheat,
Red wheat
Wheat (winter) – type arable cropTriticumWinter varietyAC66Includes
Biscuit wheat,
Common or Bread wheat,
Durum wheat,
Einkorn,
Feed wheat,
Red wheat
Yam-type arable cropDioscoreaAC33Includes Yam

Arable land: leguminous and nitrogen-fixing crops for crop diversification and ecological focus areas

Land useGenusSpeciesCodeDescription
Bird’s foot trefoil-type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropLotusLG10Includes Bird’s foot trefoil
Chickpea-type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropCicerLG01Includes Chickpea.
Clover-type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropTrifoliumLG14Includes clovers and some trefoil.
Cowpea-type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropVignaLG09Includes
Black eye peas,
Cowpeas.
Fenugreek-type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropTrigonellaLG02Includes Fenugreek.
Field beans (spring)-type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropViciaSpring varietyLG03Includes
Broad beans,
Field beans,
Vetch.
Field beans (winter)-type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropViciaWinter varietyLG20Includes
Broad beans,
Field beans,
Vetch.
Green beans-type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropPhaseolusLG04Includes
French beans,
Green beans,
Haricot beans,
Runner beans.
Lentil-type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropLensLG05Includes Lentils.
Lucerne-type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropMedicagoLG11Includes
Lucerne (Alfalfa),
Black medic .
Lupin-type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropLupinusLG06Includes Lupin..
Mixed crop PredominantVariableVariableLG15Mixed crop, the leguminous crops are predominant. You can mark up to 5 different mixed crops made up of a legumes predominant mix on your land. Please note, these land use codes will show as ‘leguminous only’ on the online system.

These land uses will count for both crop diversification and ecological focus area.

Mixed crop PredominantVariableVariableLG16description as Mixed crop Predominant
Mixed crop PredominantVariableVariableLG17description as Mixed crop Predominant
Mixed crop PredominantVariableVariableLG18description as Mixed crop Predominant
Mixed crop PredominantVariableVariableLG19description as Mixed crop Predominant
Pea (spring)- type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropPisumSpring varietyLG07Includes
Feed pea,
Mange tout,
Marrow fat pea,
Snap pea,
Snow pea,
Vining pea.
Pea (winter)- type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropPisumWinter varietyLG21Includes
Feed pea,
Mange tout,
Marrow fat pea,
Snap pea,
Snow pea,
Vining pea.
Sainfoin-type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropLG13Includes sainfoin.
Soya-type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropGlycineLG08Includes
Soya bean,
Soybean.
Sweet clover-type leguminous and nitrogen-fixing cropMelilotusLG12Includes sweet clover.

Arable land: catch and cover crops for ecological focus areas

Land useCodeDescription
Catch CropCA01Any catch crop that is eligible under the ecological focus area rule.
Cover CropCA02Any cover crop that is eligible under the ecological focus area rule.

Dual use

If you are in a ‘dual use’ situation with another BPS applicant – the other applicant has the land at their disposal for BPS and you have the same area of land under your management control for a Rural Development Programme agreement – you must agree the land-use code for the land parcel with the other claimant to make sure it is compatible with both BPS and CS / ES agreements. Once this is agreed, the land-use code should not be changed unless you both agree with the change.

Then, you need to do one of the following if you are:

  • Claiming BPS on the land parcel: claim on the land parcel. The person who is NOT claiming BPS on the land parcel, but applying for BPS on other land, should make sure that they do not activate the land parcel for payment. If they apply online, use the ‘activate less BPS area’ screen to show the ‘eligible area’ as 0.0000. If they apply on paper, declare the area in column C8 as 0.00ha.

  • Claiming Countryside Stewardship or Environmental Stewardship and someone else is claiming BPS on the same area: if you are claiming BPS on other land parcels and applying online, use the ‘activate less BPS area’ screen so you do not activate the land parcel for payment on your BPS application. Or, if you are applying on paper, declare the area in column C8 as 0.00ha.

Agricultural land under a Rural Development Programme agreement

If you have agricultural land which is under your management control for a Rural Development Programme agreement and at your disposal for BPS use the appropriate codes to tell us about this land.

If you have agricultural land which is under your management control for a Rural Development Programme agreement and is not at your disposal for BPS, read the information above about ‘Dual use’.

Non-agricultural land

Non-agricultural areas and features on otherwise eligible land

You can tell us about non-agricultural areas and features on agricultural land using land use codes.

You also need to tell us about these features on any non-agricultural land you have that is eligible for BPS – read the ‘Non-agricultural land under a Rural Development Programme agreement or the National Forest Changing Landscape Scheme, Woodland Carbon Fund, HS2 Woodland fund’ below for more information.

Declare BPS permanent non-agricultural areas or features using the land use codes below.

If you haven’t already told us about any permanent non-agricultural areas or features, fill in an RLE1 form and send it to us together with a sketch map. If you’ve already told us, but we haven’t mapped it yet – you don’t have to tell us again. If you are in any doubt about the permanence of a feature, you are advised to fill in an RLE1 form and send it to us together with a sketch map.

Land useCodeDescription
Non-agricultural area or feature which is temporary and likely to change over time (ineligible area)NA02An area of land which is normally agricultural but the intensity, nature, duration, and timing of non-agricultural activity significantly interferes with agricultural activity.

Examples:

– an area which is taken out of agricultural use due to temporary utility or transport works but will later revert to land that is used primarily for agricultural activity.

– Compost or muck heaps that are in place for less than 3 years and not stored in the land parcel on which they are to be used, or the amount stored is not appropriate for that land parcel. Heaps that are in the same place for 3 years or more should always be treated as permanent non-agricultural features.

– An area used for turf production for fuel for less than 3 years. Areas used for turf production for fuel for 3 years or more should always be treated as permanent non-agricultural features.

– Machinery (on grass or bare soil) if it has been stored in the same place for more than a year but less than 3 years. Machinery stored for 3 years or more should always be treated as a permanent non-agricultural feature.

– An area used for peat production for less than 3 years. Areas used for peat production for 3 years or more should always be treated as permanent non-agricultural features.

– an area in which the non-agricultural activities referred to in the BPS 2020 scheme rules occur on the land for more than 28 days in the calendar year.

Airstrip/airportsMT05Airstrip – a stretch of land which has been cleared so that light aircraft can take off and land. The area is defined by the edges of the landing strip.

Grass air strips which are only used for part of the year on land which is normally agricultural should be declared as agricultural land.

Airport – an area of land where aircraft land and take off and which provides facilities for handling passengers, air freight and servicing aircraft.

Non-utilised BankPL01This code should only be used for banks which are inaccessible or not protected under cross compliance.

A bank is a raised linear feature that is artificially constructed and predominantly made up of earth. A bank can have a vegetated, bare earth or stone surface.

BogIW07An area of land that is normally waterlogged throughout the year and consists of spongy moss and peat. Bogs most often occur in low lying flat areas with poor drainage, and in upland areas of high rainfall.
BouldersRO03An area of large, rounded rocks that are weathered or water-worn and have a diameter that is greater than 0.2 metres.
Bracken, heather and heathlandHE02Bracken – this code should only be used for an area of bracken which is not kept in a state suitable for grazing or is in an area where grasses and other herbaceous forage are not predominant.

Grazeable bracken in an area where grasses and other herbaceous forage remain predominant should be coded as permanent grassland.

Bracken is an area covered predominantly by a type of fern (Pteridium aquilinum) found together with other species in heathland or hill sides. See also ‘Scattered bracken or heather’.

Heather – this code should only be used for an area of heather which is not kept in a state suitable for grazing.

Grazeable heather should be coded as permanent grassland.

Heather is an area covered predominantly by common heather and various species of the Cassiope or Erica genus. See also ‘Scattered bracken or heather’.

CliffCF01A feature representing a steep rock face, most commonly occurring where the land meets the sea. Cliffs may be semi-natural, in the case of disused mineral workings, or manmade in the case of rock faces resulting from construction activity.
Farm buildingAB01A building used for livestock husbandry, cultivation or the storage of crops, feed and machinery, and associated residences, i.e. farmhouses.
FarmyardAB09The open ground, generally of hard standing or compacted earth, surrounding farm buildings.
Fen, marsh and swampIW06An area of low and flat waterlogged land.
GallopNT01A track with a grass or manmade surface that is used for horses to gallop on when being trained for horse racing. Grass gallops can exceptionally be considered part of the agricultural area of a land parcel but only if the applicant can prove that the non-agricultural activity does not significantly interfere with agricultural activity.
General UtilityUT06A type of permanent infrastructure on land that is not covered by other utility classifications. Examples include water tanks and butts.
Glasshouse, including polytunnelsAB06This code should be used for glasshouses on a hard standing. For BPS, also use this code if the glasshouse is being used to grow ineligible crops.

A horticultural building constructed largely of glass, which is on a hard standing or used to grow ineligible crops.

The area of a glasshouse that is on a natural surface and is being used to grow eligible crops should be declared using the land use of the eligible crops.

Golf courseRL04Bunkers, greens, fairways and areas of rough that are part of the playing course. Includes putting greens and driving ranges.

Golf courses can exceptionally be considered part of the agricultural area of a land parcel but only if the applicant can prove that the non-agricultural activity does not significantly interfere with agricultural activity.

Hard standingHS01A manmade, open ground surface built using aggregate, concrete-type construction materials.
HeapHE03A permanent pile of farm produce or refuse, for example straw, manure, compost, hay or silage. A heap is permanent if it has been kept at the same location for 3 years or more.
Intertidal habitatsMW04An area of sand or mud uncovered at low tide.
Mineral extraction siteMS04A site used for mineral extraction. Includes both currently operational and disused sites.
Peat productionCM01This code should only be used for an area of land which is permanently used for peat production. An area of land is permanently used for peat production if the production has taken (or will take) place for 3 years or more.

Peat production is an area of land used for peat extraction.

PondWF03An area of fresh water, often artificially constructed, which is smaller than a lake. Includes artificially created scrapes which are winter feeding areas for wading birds.
RailwayMT04Steel bar or continuous line of bars laid on the ground, usually forming a track used for the movement of trains.
Reed bedMW03This code should only be used for reed beds which are not kept in a state suitable for grazing or are in an area where grasses and other herbaceous forage are not predominant.

Grazeable reed beds in an area where grasses and other herbaceous forage remain predominant should be coded as permanent grassland.

A reed bed is an area of tall, stiff marsh or water grass of various kinds.

Residential dwelling, houseNR01Residential dwellings, including domestic outbuildings.
Residential gardenWO17A garden making up part of a residential dwelling.
RoadMT03A metalled or surfaced way that is clearly marked, permanent and forms part of a wider road network with, for example, road markings, road names or road numbers.
Rocky outcropRO04A protrusion of rocks above the ground in a conspicuous form.
Sand dunesCF03An area of sand dunes (ridges of sand created by the wind).
Saline habitatsMW05A coastal area with a sodium chloride content of at least 0.5%.
Salt marshMW01This code should only be used for salt marshes which are not kept in a state suitable for grazing or are in an area where grasses and other herbaceous forage are not predominant.

Grazeable salt marsh in an area where grasses and other herbaceous forage remain predominant should be coded as permanent grassland.

Salt marsh is an area of coastal grassland which is frequently inundated by the sea.

Scattered bracken or heatherNF02Scattered bracken – areas of bracken which are scattered in a land parcel, are not kept in a state suitable for grazing or are in an area where grasses and other herbaceous forage are not predominant.

Scattered bracken which is grazeable and in an area where grasses and other herbaceous forage remain predominant should be coded as permanent grassland.

Scattered heather – areas of heather which are scattered in a land parcel and are not kept in a state suitable for grazing.

Scattered heather which is grazeable should be coded as permanent grassland.

This code should be used only for scattered features within a land parcel which are too small to map individually but which – when added together – have a combined area of 0.01 ha or greater.

Scattered features are also referred to as ‘notional features’.

Scattered features – mixedNF08This code can be used for a combination of more than one type of the scattered features described in this table.

This code should only be used only for scattered features within a land parcel which are too small to map individually but which – when added together – have a combined area of 0.01 ha or greater.

Scattered features are also referred to as ‘notional features’.

Scattered manmade featuresNF07Any manmade features which are scattered in a land parcel.

This code should be used only for scattered features within a land parcel which are too small to map individually but which – when added together – have a combined area of 0.01 ha or greater.

Scattered features are also referred to as notional features.

Scattered natural featuresNF06Natural features that are scattered in a land parcel, are not kept in a state suitable for grazing or cultivation, are not protected under cross compliance, and are not included under any other land use codes.

This code should only be used only for scattered features within a land parcel which are too small to map individually but which – when added together – have a combined area of 0.01 ha or greater.

Scattered features are also referred to as ‘notional features’.

Scattered rockNF01Any naturally occurring scattered elements of a rocky nature. Includes small outcrops, areas of shingle or scree, small boulders, etc.

This code should only be used only for scattered features within a land parcel which are too small to map individually but which – when added together – have a combined area of 0.01 ha or greater.

Scattered features are also referred to as ‘notional features’.

Scattered scrubNF03This code should only be used for patches of scrub which are scattered in a land parcel and are not kept in a state suitable for grazing or are in an area where grasses and other herbaceous forage are not predominant.

Includes patches of scrub which are too dense to be grazed.

Scattered scrub which is grazeable and in an area where grasses and other herbaceous forage remain predominant should be coded as permanent grassland.

This code should only be used only for scattered features within a land parcel which are too small to map individually but which – when added together – have a combined area of 0.01 ha or greater.

Scattered features are also referred to as ‘notional features’.

Scattered water featuresNF05Any naturally occurring scattered elements of a watery nature. Includes small ponds, springs, etc.

This code should only be used only for scattered features within a land parcel which are too small to map individually but which – when added together – have a combined area of 0.01 ha or greater.

Scattered features are also referred to as ‘notional features’.

ScreeRO02A mass of loose stones on the side of a steep rock face.
ScrubWO25This code should only be used for scrub which is not kept in a state suitable for grazing or is in an area where grasses and other herbaceous forage are not predominant. Includes scrub which is too dense to be grazed.

Grazeable scrub in an area where grasses and other herbaceous forage remain predominant should be coded as permanent grassland.

Scrub is an area of shrubs and bushes, including Rhododendrons, Gorse, Briar and Broom. See also ‘Scattered scrub’.

ShingleIW05An area of small, rounded pebbles.
Stone wallBB01This code should only be used for stone walls which are not protected under cross compliance.

Stone walls protected under cross compliance should be coded using the land use code for the main land use of the parcel.

A stone wall is a wall structure built with stones, traditionally with loose field stones and mortar.

Solar panelsUT01An area taken up by solar panels and solar panel arrays.

Land parcels which contain solar panels are ineligible for BPS. If the panels are concentrated in one end of a field, the rest of the land can be eligible if the 2 areas are registered as individual land parcels and separated by a permanent boundary.

Sports and recreationRL03An area of land used for permanent sports and recreational activities.
Storage areaSA02An area of bare earth that is used for storage purposes. Includes storage of farm-related machinery, hay bales, etc.
StructureST05A manmade structure that is not described under any other land use code. Examples include animal shelters or polytunnels on a hard standing.
Tidal areasMW02Tidal areas other than salt marshes.
Track – natural surfaceNT03This code should only be used for a natural, unsurfaced track or path which is not used as part of the agricultural activity carried out on the land parcel or is part of a transport network entering and exiting the land parcel.

Natural paths and tracks which are used as part of the agricultural activity carried out on the land parcel and are not part of a transport network entering and exiting the land parcel should be coded using the land use code for the main land use of the parcel.

Manmade track (Metalled)MT01A metalled or surfaced way that is clearly marked and permanent. Includes any manmade surface, such as areas of asphalt, concrete and gravel.
Turf productionCM02This code should only be used for a site which is permanently used for the production of turf for fuel. A site is permanently used for the production of turf for fuel if the production has taken (or will take) place for 3 years or more.

Turf for later replanting will be considered part of the agricultural area of the land parcel and should be coded as either permanent grassland or temporary grassland.

Turf production is a site used for the production of turf, a surface layer of earth containing a dense growth of grass and its roots.

Vegetated shingleCF02An area of water-worn pebbles which supports growth of vegetation.
Watercourse – ditch, drain or dykeWF01This code should only be used for a drain, ditch or dyke which is inside the land parcel and is not part of the parcel boundary.

A drain, ditch or dyke is an artificial channel used to carry excess water from low-lying areas.

Watercourse – river or stream (Rivers and Streams Type 2)IW02This code should only be used for a river or stream which:

– is inside the land parcel and is not part of the parcel boundary.

– is less than 4 metres wide over the majority of its length.

A river or stream is a body of water flowing in a definite channel towards the sea, a lake or into another river.

Watercourse – river or stream (Rivers and Streams Type 3)IW03This code should only be used for a river or stream which:

– is inside the land parcel and is not part of the parcel boundary

– is greater than, or equal to, 4 metres wide over the majority of its length

A river or stream is a body of water flowing in a definite channel towards the sea, a lake or into another river.

Water treatment worksUT07A site where water is treated and supplied.
WoodlandWO12An area of woodland preventing agricultural activity. Includes areas where the density of the trees prevents the growth of vegetative under-storey needed to support agricultural activity.

Non-agricultural land under a Rural Development Programme agreement or the National Forest Changing Landscapes Scheme, Woodland Carbon Fund, HS2 Woodland Fund

Non-agricultural land used with entitlements to claim for SPS in 2008 and currently in certain options under an Rural Development Programme agreement or the National Forest Changing Landscapes Scheme, the Woodland Carbon Fund or the HS2 Woodland Fund can still be eligible for BPS.

This land may have been coded as ‘SA2’ or ‘SA3’ on your SPS claim. You should read the Forestry Commission guidance ON42 to confirm that land-use code RD01 is the correct code to use. The guidance will also tell you if you need to submit an RLE1 and sketch map to change the land cover. If you do use land-use code RD01, the land parcels will not count towards your greening requirement.

Other non-agricultural land under these schemes that was not used with entitlements to claim for SPS in 2008 is not eligible for BPS. However, if you apply for BPS, you still need to enter it on your application using the appropriate non-agricultural land use code as cross compliance applies to this land

CodeLand use
RD01Non-agricultural land, for example woodland, that was used with entitlements to claim for SPS in 2008 and is at your disposal, remains eligible for BPS because it is under a suitable RDPE agreement or the National Forest Changing Landscape Scheme, the Woodland Carbon Fund or the HS2 Woodland Fund.

Woodland scheme agreement holders can refer to Forestry Commission guidance ON42 for details about the appropriate land cover for these areas to be claimed for BPS.

Codes you must not use

There are some land use codes which appear in the Rural Payments service which you should not use in your BPS application.

The table below shows which codes not to use, and which to use instead:

CodeWhat code to use instead
ES01 – Real estate servicesThis code does not relate to land and is for RPA use only.
NF04 – Scattered treesIf the area with scattered trees in is eligible, you don’t need to declare it as a separate ‘land use’ with its own land use code. Instead, include its area within the main land use of the parcel it is in. If the area with scattered trees in is ineligible, use the code ‘WO12 – Ineligible woodland’.
AS01 – Archaeological siteUse the code which best describes the land which the archaeological site is on.
PL02If the area is eligible, use one of the following:
FA01 – Fallow

PG01 – Permanent Grassland

If the area is ineligible, use the relevant code from the ‘Ineligible areas and features on otherwise eligible land’ list above.

BF01 – Stone wall protected under cross complianceYou don’t need to declare it as a separate ‘land use’ with its own land use code. Instead, include its area within the main land use of the parcel it is in.
BF02 – Hedge protected under cross complianceYou don’t need to declare it as a separate ‘land use’ with its own land use code. Instead, include its area within the main land use of the parcel it is in.
AB03 – Animal shelter on bare soilYou don’t need to declare it as a separate ‘land use’ with its own land use code. Instead, include its area within the main land use of the parcel it is in.
IW01 – Rivers and streams less than 4 metres in width and forming part of a boundary (type 1)You don’t need to declare it as a separate ‘land use’ with its own land use code. Instead, include its area within the main land use of the parcel it is in.
IW11 – Drain/Ditch/Dyke less than 4 metres in width and forming part of a boundaryYou don’t need to declare it as a separate ‘land use’ with its own land use code. Instead, include its area within the main land use of the parcel it is in.
BF08 – BankYou don’t need to declare it as a separate ‘land use’ with its own land use code. Instead, include its area within the main land use of the parcel it is in.
BF16 – FenceYou don’t need to declare it as a separate ‘land use’ with its own land use code. Instead, include its area within the main land use of the parcel it is in.

Codes for Countryside Stewardship options with multiple crops

Countryside Stewardship optionDescriptionCode(s) to use for BPS
AB1Nectar flower mixas per rest of cropping, FA01 or TG01
AB3Beetle banksRecord as per rest of field cropping
AB4Skylark plotsRecord as per rest of field cropping
AB5Nesting plots for lapwing and stone curlewFA01
AB6Enhanced overwinter stubbleFA01
AB8Flower rich margins and plotsas per rest of cropping, TG01 or FA01
AB9Winter bird foodAC58 to AC62 or FA01
AB11Cultivated areas for arable plantsFA01
AB15Two year sown legume fallowTG01 for years not in arable cropping
AB16Autumn sown bumblebird mixAC58 to AC62 in the years when the mix is established
WD3Woodland edges on arable landRecord as per rest of field cropping
HS2Take historic and archaeological features out of cultivationTG01 and then PG01 after 5 years
SW14 to 6 metre buffer strip on cultivated landRecord as per rest of field cropping, TG01
OP2Organic wild bird seed mixtureAC58 to AC62
SW3In-field grass stripsRecord as per rest of field cropping, TG01 or PG01
SW412 to 24 metre watercourse buffer strips on cultivated landRecord as per rest of cropping, TG01 or PG01
SW6Winter cover cropsAs per the rest of the field cropping during the period 1 May to 30 June
WT2Buffering in-field ponds and ditches on arable landRecord as per rest of cropping, TG01 or PG01
Published 10 February 2020

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